Gum Restoration by Kevin C. Lucky, DDS PLLC

The Most Effective Gum Restoration & Treatment in West Virginia

Treating advanced gum disease means surgical intervention. Gums protect and support teeth and other tissue that holds them to the bone. Unhealthy gums can mean the loss of teeth as well as damage to your overall health.

Getting Rid of Gum Disease & Bacteria

Areas of the mouth that may not be brushed or flossed effectively can begin accumulating food debris and lead to germs that sit in pockets between the teeth and gums. The bacteria can build up, teeth become covered with film, and gum inflammation begins. Swelling, known as gingivitis, is often the first sign of gum disease. Other symptoms include:

  • BLEEDING WHILE BRUSHING OR FLOSSING
  • CONSTANT BAD BREATH
  • GUM REDNESS
  • LOOSE TEETH
  • MOUTH SORES
  • RECEDING GUM LINE

Get to Know the Early Signs of Gingivitis

Many patients are surprised to find that pain is not one of the first symptoms of gingivitis. By the time pain strikes, there may be multiple symptoms occurring. Gum disease can get worse if the early gingivitis is left untreated. Infection and inflammation spread into the deeper tissues that support the tooth, at which time it is a destructive situation. See more about managing gum disease on our Gum Disease Treatment web page.

Periodontitis – Advanced Gum Disease

As the gums begin to pull away from the teeth this lets in more bacteria. At this advanced stage, gum disease is called periodontitis. The bacterium that gathers between the teeth and gums compromises the tissues and bonds that support the teeth. This leads to bone loss and the formation of additional or more extensive pockets where the disease can spread, leading to tooth loss.

The poor oral health associated with periodontitis can have an effect on your whole body. Studies show people with gum disease are likely to get heart disease, be less able to control blood sugar, and the H.pylori infection that is common with gum disease is also associated with the formation of gastric and peptic ulcers. If you have any of these diagnoses, be sure to let Dr. Lucky or Dr. Morabito know, because as many as 47 percent of adults over age 30 have periodontitis. After age 65, the number goes up to 70 percent!

Gum Surgery to Restore Supportive Tissues

In some patients, the non-surgical procedure of scaling and root planing is all that is needed to treat gum diseases effectively. There are treatments for gum disease that do require surgery. Surgery is needed when the tissue around the teeth is unhealthy and cannot be restored with non-surgical methods. Surgical intervention is performed to restore supportive tissues of the gums. Examples include:

GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION

When bone supporting your teeth has been destroyed, the dentist will perform this procedure to stimulate bone and gum tissue growth. This is often done in combination with flap surgery. A small piece of mesh-like fabric is inserted between the bone and gum tissue. This keeps the gum tissue from growing into the area where the bone should be, and allows the bone and connective tissue to regrow in order to better support the teeth.

BONE GRAFTS

Grafting procedures involve using fragments of your own bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone to replace the bone destroyed by gum disease. Grafts serve as a platform for the regrowth of bone, and this restores stability to teeth. New technology, called tissue engineering, encourages your own body to regenerate bone and tissue at an accelerated rate. Ask Dr. Lucky about this and other options available with bone grafts.

FLAP SURGERY/POCKET REDUCTION SURGERY

With pocket reduction surgery, the gums are lifted back and the tartar is removed. Depending on the individual case, any irregular surfaces of the damaged bone are smoothed to limit areas where disease-causing bacteria can hide. The gums are then placed so that the tissue fits snugly around the tooth. This reduces the size of the space (pocket) between the gum and tooth. With less space, harmful bacteria have less room to grow and thrive. Pocket reduction or flap surgery is effective in decreasing the chance of periodontal disease that can contribute to serious health problems.

SOFT TISSUE GRAFTS

For patients who have thin or receding gums, this procedure reinforces or fills in places where gums have receded. Grafted tissue, most often taken from the roof of the mouth, is stitched into place, adding soft tissue directly to the affected area.

BONE SURGERY

Bone surgery is performed to smooth significant but shallow craters in the bone due to moderate and advanced bone loss. Following flap surgery, the bone around the tooth is reshaped to decrease the craters. Similar to flap surgery, eliminating the craters makes it harder for bacteria to collect and grow.